Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

While the world has achieved progress towards gender equality and women’s empowerment under the Millennium Development Goals (including equal access to primary education between girls and boys), women and girls continue to suffer discrimination and violence in every part of the world. Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. Providing women and girls with equal access to education, health care, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision-making processes will fuel sustainable economies and benefit societies and humanity at large.

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TARGETS

It is important that we all take a small step to make sure that we meet the Global Goals. Use these 9 targets to create action for partnerships for the goals.

End Discrimination Against Women and Girls

End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere.

End All Violence Against and Exploitation of Women

Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.

Eliminate Forced Marriages and Genital Mutilation

Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation.

Value Unpaid Care and Promote Shared Domestic Responsibilities

Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate.

Equal Opportunities and Participation in Leadership

Ensure women?s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life.

Universal Access to Reproductive Health and Rights

Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences.

Equal Rights to Economic Resources, Property Ownership and Financial Services

Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws.

Promote Empowerment of Women through Technology

Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women.

Adopt Policies and Enforce Legislation for Gender Equality

Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels.

  • About two thirds of countries in the developing regions have achieved gender parity in primary education
  • In Southern Asia, only 74 girls were enrolled in primary school for every 100 boys in 1990. By 2012, the enrolment ratios were the same for girls as for boys.
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania and Western Asia, girls still face barriers to entering both primary and secondary school.
  • Women in Northern Africa hold less than one in five paid jobs in the non-agricultural sector. The proportion of women in paid employment outside the agriculture sector has increased from 35 per cent in 1990 to 41 per cent in 2015
  • In 46 countries, women now hold more than 30 per cent of seats in national parliament in at least one chamber.
  • Women earn 10 to 30 per cent less than men for the same work. Pay inequality persists everywhere. Voice your support for equal pay for equal work.
  • Be aware of gender stereotypes. Recognize them, avoid them and educate others about them.
  • Stand up against harassment. Whenever you see or become aware of harassment, whether in the workplace, streets, home or the online space, raise your voice against it.
  • Find female mentors/leaders. Ensure that some of your role models or mentors are women. There’s a lot you can learn from women in positions of authority.
  • Share the workload at home. Sharing domestic responsibilities ensures the work burden doesn’t fall only on one person and instills the value of gender equality and essential life skills in children.
  • Stay informed. Follow your local news and stay in touch with the Global Goals online or on social media at @TheGlobalGoals.
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